UK-US glossary of terms

baking sheetcookie sheet, sheet pan
bicarbonate of sodabaking soda
bitter almond extractalmond extract/essence. All almond extract and essence is made from bitter almonds whether it is labelled “bitter” or not
caster (or castor) sugarsuperfine sugar
clingfilmSaran wrap/plastic wrap
cornflourcornstarch (the thickening agent, a white powder)
demerara sugarraw or turbinado sugar
dessicated coconutflaked coconut
double creamheavy cream (48% butterfat)
fan ovenconvection oven
Golden Syrup (Tate & Lyle)nearest equivalent in consistency is corn syrup. Depending on recipe, for a closer taste to golden syrup than corn syrup provides, you could maybe substitute light-brown sugar.
greaseproof paperbaking parchment
ground almondsalmond flour, almond meal
icing sugarpowdered, 10X, or confectioner’s sugar (in the USA, ensure it’s organic so not too much cornstarch in it)
muscovado sugardark brown sugar
single creamlight cream
tomato puréetomato paste
unsalted butterdon’t assume butter labelled “sweet butter” is unsalted. Check the ingredients list on the packaging. Also, only use 'European-style butter' with over 82% butterfat, not whipped butter or low-fat spreads.
whipping cream (crème fleurette @ 30% fat)light whipping cream (30–36% butterfat), heavy whipping cream (36 – 40% butterfat). Choose light whipping cream where whipping cream is indicated in these recipes.
whisk (verb)beat, whip
whole milkfull-fat (full-cream) regular milk, not skimmed or semi-skimmed milk. UK and US whole milk has the same butterfat content.